Distant planets have always fascinated humans from the early civilizations to the present day our fascination with space is only increased over time as technology has allowed us to discover more and more about the vastness of our universe. In the last five decades, humans have set foot on the moon and sent probes other plans, yet we’ve begun to stretch the surface when it comes to learning about the secrets of the universe. So here we gonna talk about some of the biggest space missions that are planned to take off in the next decade.
The Parker Solar Probe
Although the Parker solar probe was launched in 2018 and its mission was to make observations of the outer corona of the sun, the reason why we’ve included in this list is that the Parker probe is yet to complete its mission, the mission of the Parker probe is not only to observe the outer corona but also to make the closest approach to the sun possible.
The probe is all set to make the closest approach to the sun by 2025 when it will come with its 7,000,000 kilometers will be center of the sun and a speed of almost .6% that of the speed of light, the Parker probe was developed by the John Hopkins University with a budget of almost one and a half $1,000,000 and its the only probe to be named after a living person.
Onboard the probes of memory card that contains the names of over 1.1 million people mounted on a plaque, the Parker solar probe is the first spacecraft to fly into the low solar corona where it’s assessing the structure and dynamics of the son’s corona plasma and magnetic field, the energy flow that keeps the solar corona and impels the solar wind and the mechanisms that accelerate the energetic particles, as the Pope gets closer and closer to the sun IT systems are getting exposed to extreme heat and radiation for this reason the spacecraft as a solar shield to protect it from extreme radiation, the instruments onboard the Parker solar probe are being used to trace how energy flows in the sun and how solar winds get accelerated as they leave the sun, the probe also has instruments to measure the structure and dynamics of the magnetic field of the sun. The data gathered from this mission will prove helpful to understand the dynamic relationship between the sun and the earth.
The Juice Mission
The juice which stands for Jupiter icy moons explorer is an interplanetary spacecraft mission, that’s currently underdeveloped by the European space agency, the juice mission will study need three moons of Jupiter Ganymede, Calisto, and Europa these three moons are expected to have large quantities of water which may provide habitable conditions for life, thus making these three moons very interesting candidates for colonization the water, however, is expected to be in ice form thus ruling out little green aliens at least juice is expected to be launched by June 2022 by an Arion 5 rocket after launch the juice explorer will make multiple flybys of the earth the first flyby of birth will be in May 2023, then it will use gravitational assist and booster that closer to the sun towards Venus by 2023.
It will then do another flyby of the earth in September 2024 followed by a flyby of Mars in February 2025 and one final flyby of the earth in November 2026 before committing to its trajectory for Jupiter. These flybys are like the side missions and will be used to observe Venus earth and Mars closely before making the final approach to Jupiter’s moons which is the actual mission.
Once the explorer reaches Jupiter it will orbit around the three moons one by one over many years collecting data about the thickness of surface ice other data markers that will help scientists understand the surface conditions of these moons better.
The Sphere X-Mission
Sphere-X stands for spectrophotometer or the history of the universe Epoch of re-ionization and isis explorer, good thing that the genius mind his mission abbreviated it to Sphere-X, otherwise every time they pronounce the name then this would be delayed by a week at least the Sphere-X mission is expected to launch in June 2023. It’s a year mission with an estimated budget of around $300 million.
The mission is to survey the sky and optical, as well as near-infrared light astronomers, will use to gather data on more than 300 million galaxies as well as more than 100 million stars in our own Milky Way. The reason why missions like Sphere-X or Hubble are sent to space to do the same thing that any large telescope or observatory can do on earth is to get clear an unobstructed view of deep space objects.
When you use a large observatory to observe faraway galaxies the first thing like coming into the lens of the telescope encounters is the dense atmosphere of the earth which can distort the light coming from space, this distortion can be avoided by sending observatories like Sphere-X and Hubble telescopes into space as they can picture deep space objects without any distortion. Sphere-X is expected to study billions of galaxies and other deep space objects, the mission will also search for signs of water on other planets using its various sensors.